Learning Disability

 

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1. The following is true of mental retardation:  
A. It is more common in males
T
B. 1/3 of cases are due to Down’s syndrome
T
C. 15 % of cases are due to an unknown cause
T
D. There is no greater incidence in the lower classes
F
E. 95 % of cases have organic pathology diagnosed during life
F
   
2. The following are seen in Patau’s syndrome:  
A. Trisomy of 17-18
F
B. Absent corpus callosum
T
C. Rocker-bottom feet
F
D. Polycystic kidneys
T
E. Life expectancy is 5-6 years
F
   
3. In Edward’s syndrome:  
A. There is mental retardation
T
B. Trisomy 13-15 is seen
F
C. It is more common in females
T
D. Mean survival is 10 months
T
E. Heart lesions are frequent
F
   
4. In Down’s syndrome:  
A. It is more common in males
T
B. Simian crease is seen in all cases
F
C. There is brachycephaly
T
D. The tongue is enlarged
F
E. Cataracts can occur
T
   
5. The following are associations of Down’s syndrome:  
A. A-V canal defects
T
B. Hirschsprung’s disease
T
C. Hearing deficits
T
D. Epilepsy
T
E. Vascular dementia
F
   
6. The following is true of Fragile X syndrome:  
A. It was first described by Martin and Bell in 1943
T
B. It is an uncommon cause of mental retardation in males
F
C. Female carriers have normal IQ
F
D. Autism is associated
T
E. There is a negative association with ADDH
F
   
7. The following are true in Tuberous sclerosis:  
A. It is a defect of chromosome 11
F
B. It is autosomal recessive
F
C. Shagreen patches are best examined with Wood’s light
F
D. Seizures are rare
F
E. Intelligence is normal
F
   
8. In the mentally handicapped:  
A. The incidence of schizophrenia is the same as the normal population
F
B. Bipolar Affective disorder is seen in 1 in 20 handicapped in-patients
T
C. Hysterical symptoms are more common than in normal controls
T
D. Epilepsy is seen in a third of severely handicapped patients
T
E. The incidence increases with age, except for Down’s syndrome and autism
T


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